The Adventures of Tom Sawyer




   VACATION was approaching. The schoolmaster, always severe, grew severer and more exacting than ever, for he wanted the school to make a good showing on "Examination" day. His rod and his ferule were seldom idle now--at least among the smaller pupils. Only the biggest boys, and young ladies of eighteen and twenty, escaped lashing. Mr. Dobbins' lashings were very vigorous ones, too; for although he carried, under his wig, a perfectly bald and shiny head, he had only reached middle age, and there was no sign of feebleness in his muscle. As the great day approached, all the tyranny that was in him came to the surface; he seemed to take a vindictive pleasure in punishing the least shortcomings. The consequence was, that the smaller boys spent their days in terror and suffering and their nights in plotting revenge. They threw away no opportunity to do the master a mischief. But he kept ahead all the time. The retribution that followed every vengeful success was so sweeping and majestic that the boys always retired from the field badly worsted. At last they conspired together and hit upon a plan that promised a dazzling victory. They swore in the signpainter's boy, told him the scheme, and asked his help. He had his own reasons for being delighted, for the master boarded in his father's family and had given the boy ample cause to hate him. The master's wife would go on a visit to the country in a few days, and there would be nothing to interfere with the plan; the master always prepared himself for great occasions by getting pretty well fuddled, and the signpainter's boy said that when the dominie had reached the proper condition on Examination Evening he would "manage the thing" while he napped in his chair; then he would have him awakened at the right time and hurried away to school.


   In the fulness of time the interesting occasion arrived. At eight in the evening the schoolhouse was brilliantly lighted, and adorned with wreaths and festoons of foliage and flowers. The master sat throned in his great chair upon a raised platform, with his blackboard behind him. He was looking tolerably mellow. Three rows of benches on each side and six rows in front of him were occupied by the dignitaries of the town and by the parents of the pupils. To his left, back of the rows of citizens, was a spacious temporary platform upon which were seated the scholars who were to take part in the exercises of the evening; rows of small boys, washed and dressed to an intolerable state of discomfort; rows of gawky big boys; snowbanks of girls and young ladies clad in lawn and muslin and conspicuously conscious of their bare arms, their grandmothers' ancient trinkets, their bits of pink and blue ribbon and the flowers in their hair. All the rest of the house was filled with non-participating scholars.

   到了预定的时间,晚上8点钟,那个有趣的时刻终于来临了。 教室里灯火辉煌,挂着花环和彩带,彩带上扎着叶子和花朵。在高高的讲台上,老师像皇帝一样坐在那把大椅子里,身后就是黑板。还好他看上去不像大醉的样子。他前面有六排长凳,上面坐着镇上的要人。两边又各有三排长凳,坐的是学生家长。左前方,家长座位后面临时搭起了一个大讲台,参加晚上考试的考生全都坐在这里。一排排的小男孩被家长打扮得过了头,个个被洗得干干净净,穿得整整齐齐,让人觉得都有点不舒服。接着的是一排排大男孩,显得有些腼腆和呆板。再瞧那些小女孩和大姑娘,她们一身素装,洁白耀眼,个个穿着细麻软布做的衣服,头上插着许多装饰品,有鲜花,有粉红和蓝色相间的发带,还有老祖母传下来的各种小装饰物。她们露着胳膊站在那里,尤其显得有些局促不安。 那些没有考试任务的学生都散坐在教室里别的地方。

   The exercises began. A very little boy stood up and sheepishly recited, "You'd scarce expect one of my age to speak in public on the stage," etc.--accompanying himself with the painfully exact and spasmodic gestures which a machine might have used--supposing the machine to be a trifle out of order. But he got through safely, though cruelly scared, and got a fine round of applause when he made his manufactured bow and retired.


   A little shamefaced girl lisped, "Mary had a little lamb," etc., performed a compassion-inspiring curtsy, got her meed of applause, and sat down flushed and happy.


   Tom Sawyer stepped forward with conceited confidence and soared into the unquenchable and indestructible "Give me liberty or give me death" speech, with fine fury and frantic gesticulation, and broke down in the middle of it. A ghastly stage-fright seized him, his legs quaked under him and he was like to choke. True, he had the manifest sympathy of the house but he had the house's silence, too, which was even worse than its sympathy. The master frowned, and this completed the disaster. Tom struggled awhile and then retired, utterly defeated. There was a weak attempt at applause, but it died early.

   汤姆·索亚十分自信地走上前去,背起了那千古名篇《不自由,毋宁死》。他慷慨陈词,不时还大幅度地做着手势, 可背着背着中途就接不上了。怯场症像魔鬼一样攫住了他,他两腿发颤,似乎有窒息之感。所有在场的人确实替他捏了把汗,可没人吭一声,这让他觉得比同情他更难受。到后来,老师皱起了眉头,汤姆这下全完了。他结结巴巴要往下背诵,可过了一会,便好像只斗败的公鸡一样溜下场去。台下的人想鼓一两掌,可掌声刚起就消失了。

   "The Boy Stood on the Burning Deck" followed; also "The Assyrian Came Down," and other declamatory gems. Then there were reading exercises, and a spelling fight. The meagre Latin class recited with honor. The prime feature of the evening was in order, now--original "compositions" by the young ladies. Each in her turn stepped forward to the edge of the platform, cleared her throat, held up her manuscript (tied with dainty ribbon), and proceeded to read, with labored attention to "expression" and punctuation. The themes were the same that had been illuminated upon similar occasions by their mothers before them, their grandmothers, and doubtless all their ancestors in the female line clear back to the Crusades. "Friendship" was one; "Memories of Other Days"; "Religion in History"; "Dream Land"; "The Advantages of Culture"; "Forms of Political Government Compared and Contrasted"; "Melancholy"; "Filial Love"; "Heart Longings," etc., etc.


   A prevalent feature in these compositions was a nursed and petted melancholy; another was a wasteful and opulent gush of "fine language"; another was a tendency to lug in by the ears particularly prized words and phrases until they were worn entirely out; and a peculiarity that conspicuously marked and marred them was the inveterate and intolerable sermon that wagged its crippled tail at the end of each and every one of them. No matter what the subject might be, a brainracking effort was made to squirm it into some aspect or other that the moral and religious mind could contemplate with edification. The glaring insincerity of these sermons was not sufficient to compass the banishment of the fashion from the schools, and it is not sufficient today; it never will be sufficient while the world stands, perhaps. There is no school in all our land where the young ladies do not feel obliged to close their compositions with a sermon; and you will find that the sermon of the most frivolous and the least religious girl in the school is always the longest and the most relentlessly pious. But enough of this. Homely truth is unpalatable.


   Let us return to the "Examination." The first composition that was read was one entitled "Is this, then, Life?" Perhaps the reader can endure an extract from it:


   "In the common walks of life, with what delightful emotions does the youthful mind look forward to some anticipated scene of festivity! Imagination is busy sketching rose-tinted pictures of joy. In fancy, the voluptuous votary of fashion sees herself amid the festive throng, 'the observed of all observers.' Her graceful form, arrayed in snowy robes, is whirling through the mazes of the joyous dance; her eye is brightest, her step is lightest in the gay assembly.

    飞舞驰骋的想象描绘出一幅幅玫瑰色欢乐的场景。 时尚的弄潮儿沉溺于纸醉金迷,梦幻中发现自己置身于欢乐的人群,成了众人眼里的明星。她举止优雅,身穿素装长袍,翩翩起舞于欢乐的迷宫。她的眼睛最明亮,她的步伐最轻盈。

   "In such delicious fancies time quickly glides by, and the welcome hour arrives for her entrance into the Elysian world, of which she has had such bright dreams. How fairy-like does everything appear to her enchanted vision! Each new scene is more charming than the last. But after a while she finds that beneath this goodly exterior, all is vanity, the flattery which once charmed her soul, now grates harshly upon her ear; the ballroom has lost its charms; and with wasted health and imbittered heart, she turns away with the conviction that earthly pleasures cannot satisfy the longings of the soul!"

    梦幻美妙,时光如梭,等待她进入天堂的时刻来临了。她的所见犹如被点化一般,似仙女下凡!每到一处,物变景更美。可时隔不久,她发现漂亮的外表徒有虚名: 曾经令她心花怒放的甜言蜜语,现在铮铮刺耳;舞厅变得平淡无奇;她身心憔悴地退出,笃信世俗之乐何以能够慰藉心灵的企求!

   And so forth and so on. There was a buzz of gratification from time to time during the reading, accompanied by whispered ejaculations of "How sweet!" "How eloquent!" "So true!" etc., and after the thing had closed with a peculiarly afflicting sermon the applause was enthusiastic.


   Then arose a slim, melancholy girl, whose face had the "interesting" paleness that comes of pills and indigestion, and read a "poem." Two stanzas of it will do:




   "Alabama, goodbye! I love thee well! But yet for a while do I leave thee now! Sad, yes, sad thoughts of thee my heart doth swell, And burning recollections throng my brow! For I have wandered through thy flowery woods; Have roamed and read near Tallapoosa's stream; Have listened to Tallassee's warring floods, And wooed on Coosa's side Aurora's beam.

   再见,阿拉巴马!我爱你笃深, 离别虽短暂,难舍又难分! 想到你,往事历历燃胸间, 爱怜又悲伤。 曾记否,万花丛中留下我的足迹, 德拉波斯溪旁有我朗朗的读书声; 我听过德达西的流水犹如万马奔腾, 我见过库萨山巅晨曦的分娩。

   "Yet shame I not to bear an o'erfull heart, Nor blush to turn behind my tearful eyes; 'Tis from no stranger land I now must part, 'Tis to no strangers left I yield these sighs. Welcome and home were mine within this State, Whose vales I leave--whose spires fade fast from me And cold must be mine eyes, and heart, and tete, When, dear Alabama! they turn cold on thee!" There were very few there who knew what "tete" meant, but the poem was very satisfactory, nevertheless.

   我心系百事,无悔无怨, 含泪回首,心平气缓。 我告别的是我熟悉的地方, 见我叹息的也不是异乡他客; 来到该州,我宾至如归, 可如今我将远离高山大谷。 亲爱的阿拉巴马,一旦我心灰意冷, 那时,我真的告别人寰。


   Next appeared a dark-complexioned, black-eyed, black-haired young lady, who paused an impressive moment, assumed a tragic expression, and began to read in a measured, solemn tone:




   "Dark and tempestuous was night. Around the throne on high not a single star quivered; but the deep intonations of the heavy thunder constantly vibrated upon the ear; whilst the terrific lightning revelled in angry mood through the cloudy chambers of heaven, seeming to scorn the power exerted over its terror by the illustrious Franklin! Even the boisterous winds unanimously came forth from their mystic homes, and blustered about as if to enhance by their aid the wildness of the scene.

   夜色深沉,狂风肆虐,暴雨倾盆。老天爷高高在上,四周无半点星辰闪烁;炸雷滚滚,满天轰鸣,震耳欲聋。 愤怒的闪电穿过乌云,划破夜空,大有吞噬富兰克林之感。这位杰出的科学家在闪电交织的时候勇敢地放飞风筝以测电能。大风也平地而起,以助雷电群起而攻之,场面更加荒凉无比。

   "At such a time, so dark, so dreary, for human sympathy my very spirit sighed; but instead thereof,


   "'My dearest friend, my counsellor, my comforter and guide--My joy in grief, my second bliss in joy,' came to my side. She moved like one of those bright beings pictured in the sunny walks of fancy's Eden by the romantic and young, a queen of beauty unadorned save by her own transcendent loveliness. So soft was her step, it failed to make even a sound, and but for the magical thrill imparted by her genial touch, as other unobtrusive beauties, she would have glided away unperceived--unsought. A strange sadness rested upon her features, like icy tears upon the robe of December, as she pointed to the contending elements without, and bade me contemplate the two beings presented."

   “我最亲爱的朋友、老师、我的安慰者和向导—— 我的悲伤中的快乐,我随着欢乐而来的福,”来到我身边。 她像浪漫的年轻画家画的伊甸园里的仙女一般,漫步在阳光下,一个朴实无华巧夺天工的绝代佳人。她步履轻盈来去无声无息。要不是她也和别的仙女一样轻抚人间,令人神奇为之震颤,她会像浮云一般让人不知不觉,消失得无影无踪。她指着外面酣战的狂风暴雨要人们想想它们各象征着什么,这时她脸上莫名其妙地顿生愁云,犹如寒冬腊月里的天气令人颤栗。

   This nightmare occupied some ten pages of manuscript and wound up with a sermon so destructive of all hope to non-Presbyterians that it took the first prize. This composition was considered to be the very finest effort of the evening. The mayor of the village, in delivering the prize to the author of it, made a warm speech in which he said that it was by far the most "eloquent" thing he had ever listened to, and that Daniel Webster himself might well be proud of it.


   It may be remarked, in passing, that the number of compositions in which the word "beauteous" was over-fondled, and human experience referred to as "life's page," was up to the usual average.


   Now the master, mellow almost to the verge of geniality, put his chair aside, turned his back to the audience, and began to draw a map of America on the blackboard, to exercise the geography class upon. But he made a sad business of it with his unsteady hand, and a smothered titter rippled over the house. He knew what the matter was, and set himself to right it. He sponged out lines and remade them; but he only distorted them more than ever, and the tittering was more pronounced. He threw his entire attention upon his work, now, as if determined not to be put down by the mirth. He felt that all eyes were fastened upon him; he imagined he was succeeding, and yet the tittering continued; it even manifestly increased. And well it might. There was a garret above, pierced with a scuttle over his head; and down through this scuttle came a cat, suspended around the haunches by a string; she had a rag tied about her head and jaws to keep her from mewing; as she slowly descended she curved upward and clawed at the string, she swung downward and clawed at the intangible air. The tittering rose higher and higher--the cat was within six inches of the absorbed teacher's head--down, down, a little lower, and she grabbed his wig with her desperate claws, clung to it, and was snatched up into the garret in an instant with her trophy still in her possession! And how the light did blaze abroad from the master's bald pate--for the signpainter's boy had gilded it!


   That broke up the meeting. The boys were avenged. Vacation had come.


   NOTE:--The pretended "compositions" quoted in this chapter are taken without alteration from a volume entitled "Prose and Poetry, by a Western Lady"--but they are exactly and precisely after the schoolgirl pattern, and hence are much happier than any mere imitations could be.